BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Layering of the lithospheric mantle beneath the Siberian Craton: modeling using thermobarometry of mantle xenolith and xenocrysts

    Ashchepkov, I.V. and Vladykin, N.V. and Ntaflos, T. and Kostrovitsky, S.I. and Prokopiev, S.A. and Downes, Hilary and Smelov, A.P. and Agashev, A.M. and Logvinova, A.M. and Kuligin, S.S. and Tychkov, N.S. and Salikhov, R.F. and Stegnitsky, Yu.B. and Alymova, N.V. and Vavilov, M.A. and Minin, V.A. and Babushkina, S.A. and Ovchinnikov, Yu.I. and Karpenko, M.A. and Tolstov, A.V. and Shmarov, G.P. (2014) Layering of the lithospheric mantle beneath the Siberian Craton: modeling using thermobarometry of mantle xenolith and xenocrysts. Tectonophysics 634 , pp. 55-75. ISSN 0040-1951.

    Full text not available from this repository.

    Abstract

    Single-grain thermobarometric studies of xenocrysts were used to compile local SCLM transects through the major regions of kimberlite magmatism in Siberia and longer transects through the subcontinental mantle lithosphere (SCLM) beneath the Siberian craton. The mantle structure was obtained using P - Fe#, Ca in garnets, oxygen fugacity values fO2 and calculated temperatures T°C. The most detail transect obtained for the Daldyn field on the Udachnaya – Zarnitsa reveals layering showing an inclination of > 35° to Udachnaya. Mantle layering beneath the Alakit field determined from the Krasnopresnenskaya – Sytykanskaya transect shows a moderate inclination from N to S. The inflection near Yubileinaya – Aykhal is also supported by the extreme depletion in peridotites with low-Fe sub-Ca garnets. Beneath the Malo-Botuobinsky field the sharply layered mantle section starts from 5.5 GPa and reveals step-like P-Fe#Ol trends for garnets and ilmenites. The deeper part of SCLM in this field was originally highly depleted but has been regenerated by percolation of protokimberlites and hybrid melts especially beneath Internationalnaya pipe. The three global transects reveal flat layering in granite-greenstone terranes and fluctuations in the granulite-orthogneiss Daldyn collision terranes. The mantle layering beneath the Daldyn - Alakite region may have been created by marginal accretion. Most of southern fields including the Malo-Botuobinsky field reveal flat layering. The primary subduction layering is smoothed beneath the Alakit field. Lower Jurassic kimberlites from the Kharamai-Anabar kimberlite fields reveal a small decrease of the thickness of the SCLM and heating of its base. The Jurassic Kuoyka field shows an uneven base of the SCLM inclined from west to east. SCLM sequences sampled at this time started mainly from depths of 130 km, but some pipes still showed mantle roots to 250 km. The garnet series demonstrates an inclined straight line pyroxenite P-Fe# trend due to interaction with superplume melts.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Mantle layering, Siberian craton, terranes, profiles, monomineral thermobarometry, garnet, clinopyroxenes, chromite, ilmenite
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2014 11:55
    Last Modified: 11 Oct 2016 11:59
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/10263

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    0Downloads
    246Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item