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    A chemosystematic study of the genus Gomphostemma and related genera (Lamiaceae)

    Bongcheewin, B. and Grayer, R.J. and Porter, E.A. and Kite, G.C. and Simmonds, M.S.J. and Ingrouille, Martin J. and Paton, A.J. (2014) A chemosystematic study of the genus Gomphostemma and related genera (Lamiaceae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 57 , pp. 305-316. ISSN 0305-1978.

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    Abstract

    Species in the genera Gomphostemma, Chelonopsis and Bostrychanthera were systematically studied with reference to their flavonoid and phenolic acid compounds in order to investigate whether the profiles of these compounds would support a classification of the genus and related genera based on morphological characters. Thirty-five flavonoid glycosides, eight phenolic acids and derivatives were identified by LC-UV-MS/MS analysis of aqueous 80% MeOH extracts on the basis of their UV and mass spectra, retention times and comparison with in-house library. The occurrence of individual compounds was not particularly informative in Gomphostemma, although the overall chemical profile supported G. subgen. Pogosiphon and vicenin-2 was a characteristic component of Gomphostemma leptodon and Gomphostemma curtisii. In contrast, the flavonoids and phenolic acids of Chelonopsis were informative at infrageneric level. Glycosides of 6-substituted flavones were well represented in Ch. subgen. Aequidens, including Ch. forrestii, Ch. rosea, Ch. odontochila, Ch. lichiangensis and C. giraldii. A dicaffeoylquinic acid was produced in Ch. subgen. Chelonopsis, (for example, in Ch. longipes and Ch. Moschata), but absent from Ch. subgen. Aequidens. The same dicaffeoylquinic acid was also found in the genus Bostrychanthera and suggests a close relationship with Ch. subgen. Chelonopsis, in agreement with a recent DNA based phylogeny. There is correlation between trichome type and phenolic acid compound distribution in Chelonopsis, but this is not observed in Gomphostemma.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Lamiaceae, Gomphostemma, Chelonopsis, Bostrychanthera, Flavonoids, Phenolic acids, Dicaffeoylquinic acid
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2014 15:57
    Last Modified: 29 Sep 2014 15:57
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/10628

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