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    Screening ion-channel ligand interactions with passive pumping in a microfluidic bilayer lipid membrane chip

    Saha, S.C. and Powl, Andrew M. and Wallace, Bonnie A. and de Planque, M.R.R. and Morgan, H. (2015) Screening ion-channel ligand interactions with passive pumping in a microfluidic bilayer lipid membrane chip. Biomicrofluidics 9 (1), ISSN 1932-1058.

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    Abstract

    We describe a scalable artificial bilayer lipid membrane platform for rapid electrophysiological screening of ion channels and transporters. A passive pumping method is used to flow microliter volumes of ligand solution across a suspended bilayer within a microfluidic chip. Bilayers are stable at flow rates up to ∼0.5 μl/min. Phospholipid bilayers are formed across a photolithographically defined aperture made in a dry film resist within the microfluidic chip. Bilayers are stable for many days and the low shunt capacitance of the thin film support gives low-noise high-quality single ion channel recording. Dose-dependent transient blocking of α-hemolysin with β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) and polyethylene glycol is demonstrated and dose-dependent blocking studies of the KcsA potassium channel with tetraethylammonium show the potential for determining IC50 values. The assays are fast (30 min for a complete IC50 curve) and simple and require very small amounts of compounds (100 μg in 15 μl). The technology can be scaled so that multiple bilayers can be addressed, providing a screening platform for ion channels, transporters, and nanopores.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Research Centre: Bioinformatics, Bloomsbury Centre for, Structural Molecular Biology, Institute of (ISMB)
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2015 11:36
    Last Modified: 07 Dec 2016 15:05
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/11496

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