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    Consonant accuracy after severe pediatric traumatic brain injury: a prospective cohort study

    Campbell, T.F. and Dollaghan, C. and Janosky, J. and Rusiewicz, H.L. and Small, S.L. and Dick, Frederic (2013) Consonant accuracy after severe pediatric traumatic brain injury: a prospective cohort study. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research 56 (3), pp. 1023-1034. ISSN 1558-9102.

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    Abstract

    Purpose: The authors sought to describe longitudinal changes in Percentage of Consonants Correct—Revised (PCC–R) after severe pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI), to compare the odds of normal-range PCC–R in children injured at older and younger ages, and to correlate predictor variables and PCC–R outcomes. Method: In 56 children injured between age 1 month and 11 years, PCC–R was calculated over 12 monthly sessions beginning when the child produced ≥ 10 words. At each session, the authors compared odds of normal-range PCC–R in children injured at younger (≤ 60 months) and older (> 60 months) ages. Correlations were calculated between final PCC–R and age at injury, injury mechanism, gender, maternal education, residence, treatment, Glasgow Coma Score, and intact brain volume. Results: PCC–Rs varied within and between children. Odds of normal-range PCC–R were significantly higher for the older than for the younger group at all sessions but the first; odds of normal-range PCC–R were 9 to 33 times higher in the older group in sessions 3 to 12. Age at injury was significantly correlated with final PCC–R. Conclusion: Over a 12-month period, severe TBI had more adverse effects for children whose ages placed them in the most intensive phase of PCC–R development than for children injured later.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 05 May 2015 15:31
    Last Modified: 02 Dec 2016 11:18
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/12064

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