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    Individual differences in newborn visual attention associate with temperament and behavioral difficulties in later childhood

    Papageorgiou, K.A. and Farroni, Teresa and Johnson, Mark H. and Smith, Tim J. and Ronald, Angelica (2015) Individual differences in newborn visual attention associate with temperament and behavioral difficulties in later childhood. Scientific Reports 5 , p. 11264. ISSN 2045-2322.

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    Abstract

    Recently it was shown that individual differences in attention style in infants are associated with childhood effortful control, surgency, and hyperactivity-inattention. Here we investigated whether effortful control, surgency and behavioral problems in childhood can be predicted even earlier, from individual differences in newborns’ average duration of gaze to stimuli. Eighty newborns participated in visual preference and habituation studies. Parents completed questionnaires at follow up (mean age = 7.5 years, SD = 1.0 year). Newborns’ average dwell time was negatively associated with childhood surgency (β = -.25, R2 = .04, p = .02) and total behavioral difficulties (β = -.28, R2 = .05, p = .04) but not with effortful control (β = .03, R2 = .001, p = .76). Individual differences in newborn visual attention significantly associated with individual variation in childhood surgency and behavioral problems, showing that some of the factors responsible for this variation are present at birth.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): newborns, attention, temperament, behavior, childhood
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Moving Image, Birkbeck Institute for the (BIMI), Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2015 07:34
    Last Modified: 14 Dec 2016 09:43
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/12079

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