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    Leader-member exchange across two hierarchical levels of leadership: concurrent influences on work characteristics and employee psychological health

    Karanika-Murray, M. and Bartholomew, K.J. and Williams, G.A. and Cox, Tom (2015) Leader-member exchange across two hierarchical levels of leadership: concurrent influences on work characteristics and employee psychological health. Work & Stress: An International Journal of Work, Health & Organisations 29 (1), pp. 57-74. ISSN 0267-8373.

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    Abstract

    Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) theory suggests that the quality of the leader–employee relationship is linked to employee psychological health. Leaders who reside at different hierarchical levels have unique roles and spheres of influence and potentially affect employees' work experiences in different ways. Nevertheless, research on the impact of leadership on employee psychological health has largely viewed leaders as a homogeneous group. Expanding on LMX theory, we argue that (1) LMX sourced at the levels of the line manager (LM) and senior management (SM) team will be differentially linked to employee psychological health (assessed as worn-out) and that (2) these relationships will be mediated by perceived work characteristics (reward and recognition, workload management, quality of relationships with colleagues and physical environment). Structural equation modelling on data from 337 manual workers partially supported the hypotheses. Perceptions of the physical environment mediated the relationship between LMX at the LM level and employee psychological health, whereas perceptions of workload management mediated the relationship between LMX at the SM level and psychological health. These findings corroborate arguments that leaders are not a uniform group and as such the effects of LMX on employees will depend on leadership hierarchy. Implications for expanding leadership theory are discussed.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Leader-Member Exchange, psychological health, line managers, senior management, work characteristics, worn-out
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Organizational Psychology
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 26 May 2015 12:35
    Last Modified: 30 Oct 2018 11:17
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/12276

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