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    What is universal and what differs in language development?

    Forrester, Gillian and Thomas, Michael S.C. (2015) What is universal and what differs in language development? Language, Cognition and Neuroscience 30 (8), pp. 922-927. ISSN 2327-3798.

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    Abstract

    Goldin-Meadow (2015) presents an exceptional synthesis of work from studies of children acquiring language under variable circumstances of input or processing abilities. Deaf children who acquire homesign without any well- formed model from which to learn language represent a powerful example. Goldin-Meadow argues that the resilient properties of language that nevertheless emerge include simple syntactic structures, hierarchical organisation, markers modulating the meaning of sentences, and social- communicative functions. Among the fragile or input-dependent properties are the orders that the language follows, the parts into which words are decomposed, and the features that distinguish nominals from predicates. Separation of these two types of properties poses questions concerning the innate constraints on language acquisition (perhaps these equate to the resilient properties) and concerning the specificity of processes to language (e.g., whether properties such as hierarchical organisation are specific to language or originate in the structure of thought). The study of the resilient properties of human language in the face of adversity, and the relation of these properties to the information that is encoded in the human genome, represent a research strategy that draws inferences about species universals (properties that all humans share) from data about individual differences (factors that make humans different from one another). In the following, we suggest three reasons to be cautious about this approach.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/23273798.2015.1055281
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Educational Neuroscience, Centre for, Birkbeck Knowledge Lab, Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Michael Thomas
    Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2015 09:54
    Last Modified: 09 Dec 2016 11:15
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/12281

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