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    Severe outcomes and their influence on judgments of causation

    Walsh, C.R. and Hahn, Ulrike and DeGregorio, L. (2009) Severe outcomes and their influence on judgments of causation. In: Taatgen, N. and van Rijn, H. (eds.) Proceedings of the 31st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, Texas, USA: Cognitive Science Society, pp. 550-554. ISBN 9780976831853.

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    Abstract

    The aim of this paper is to examine whether the nature of an outcome influences attributions of causation. We contrast two theories of how people make causal judgments. Counterfactual theories assume that c causes e if a change to c would have brought about a change to e. In contrast, generative theories propose that causation occurs if there is a causal process linking c and e. Both theories share the assumption that judgments of whether an event causes an outcome should be independent of the nature of that outcome. We describe an experiment showing that people give higher ratings of causation to a severe than a neutral outcome when there is no causal process linking the action and the outcome. Individuals seek causal explanations for a severe outcome more than a neutral one and when an analysis of the mechanisms fails to provide one, they are more likely to rely on a counterfactual analysis to deliver one.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Book Section
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): causation, counterfactuals, mechanisms
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Birkbeck Knowledge Lab
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2015 14:46
    Last Modified: 02 Dec 2016 13:39
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/12380

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