BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Small molecules block the polymerization of Z α1-Antitrypsin and increase the clearance of intracellular aggregates

    Mallya, M. and Phillips, R.L. and Saldanha, S.A. and Gooptu, Bibek and Leigh Brown, S.C. and Termine, D.J. and Shirvani, A.M. and Wu, Y. and Sifers, R.N. and Abagyan, R. and Lomas, D.A. (2007) Small molecules block the polymerization of Z α1-Antitrypsin and increase the clearance of intracellular aggregates. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 50 (22), pp. 5357-5363. ISSN 0022-2623.

    Full text not available from this repository.

    Abstract

    The Z mutant of α1-antitrypsin (Glu342Lys) causes a domain swap and the formation of intrahepatic polymers that aggregate as inclusions and predispose the homozygote to cirrhosis. We have identified an allosteric cavity that is distinct from the interface involved in polymerization for rational structure-based drug design to block polymer formation. Virtual ligand screening was performed on 1.2 million small molecules and 6 compounds were identified that reduced polymer formation in vitro. Modeling the effects of ligand binding on the cavity and re-screening the library identified an additional 10 compounds that completely blocked polymerization. The best antagonists were effective at ratios of compound to Z α1-antitrypsin of 2.5:1 and reduced the intracellular accumulation of Z α1-antitrypsin by 70% in a cell model of disease. Identifying small molecules provides a novel therapy for the treatment of liver disease associated with the Z allele of α1-antitrypsin.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Research Centre: Structural Molecular Biology, Institute of (ISMB)
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2015 14:53
    Last Modified: 06 Dec 2016 10:42
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/12436

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    0Downloads
    126Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item