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    Music training alters the course of adolescent auditory development

    Tierney, Adam and Krizman, J. and Kraus, N. (2015) Music training alters the course of adolescent auditory development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112 (32), pp. 10062-10067. ISSN 0027-8424.

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    Abstract

    Fundamental changes in brain structure and function during adolescence are well characterized, but the extent to which experience modulates adolescent neurodevelopment are not. Musical experience provides an ideal case for examining this question because the influence of music training begun early in life is well known. We investigated the effects of in-school music training, previously shown to enhance auditory skills, versus another in-school training program that did not focus on development of auditory skills (active control). We tested adolescents on neural responses to sound and language skills before they entered high school (pre-training) and again three years later. Here we show that in-school music training begun in high school prolongs the stability of subcortical sound processing and accelerates maturation of cortical auditory responses. Although phonological processing improved in both the music training and active control groups, the enhancement was greater in adolescents who underwent music training. Thus, music training initiated as late as adolescence can enhance neural processing of sound and confer benefits for language skills. These results establish the potential for experience-driven brain plasticity during adolescence, and demonstrate that in-school programs can engender these changes.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Adam Tierney
    Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2015 09:13
    Last Modified: 02 Dec 2016 11:58
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/12456

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