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    Negotiation as the way of engagement in intercultural and lingua franca communication: trames of reference and interculturality

    Zhu, Hua (2015) Negotiation as the way of engagement in intercultural and lingua franca communication: trames of reference and interculturality. Journal of English as Lingua Franca 4 (1), pp. 63-90. ISSN 2191-9216.

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    Abstract

    The paper argues that Negotiation (capitalised to differentiate from negotiation as an activity type such as business negotiation) is the most important means of engagement in intercultural and lingua franca communication. In intercultural and lingua franca communication, thus also in English as a lingua franca (ELF), variability, heterogeneity, and uncertainty are the norm, and therefore, the need to negotiate frames of reference and cultural identity is greater than in other types of communication. By providing a Negotiation approach for intercultural and lingua franca communication, we are able to focus on individuals taking part in interactions along with their agency rather than cultural groups, the here-and-now nature of interactions rather than assumed or predicted course of actions, the resources individuals bring with them rather than problems, and the process rather than the outcome.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): cultural identity, engagement, frames of reference, Negotiation, Interculturality
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Applied Linguistics and Communication
    Depositing User: Zhu Hua
    Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2015 08:53
    Last Modified: 18 Jan 2016 15:40
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/12570

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