BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Anxious, hypoactive phenotype combined with motor deficits in Gtf2ird1 null mouse model relevant to Williams syndrome

    Schneider, T. and Lui, Y. and Skitt, Z and Deacon, R. and Flint, J and Karmiloff-Smith, Annette and Rawlins, N.P. and Tassabehji, M. (2012) Anxious, hypoactive phenotype combined with motor deficits in Gtf2ird1 null mouse model relevant to Williams syndrome. Behavioural Brain Research 233 (2), pp. 458-473. ISSN 0166-4328.

    Full text not available from this repository.

    Abstract

    Williams–Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a rare genetic disorder caused by a hemizygous deletion of around 28 genes on the long arm of chromosome 7 (7q11.23), characterized by a unique spectrum of behavioral impairments, including mental retardation, deficits in visuospatial constructive cognition, hypersociability, anxiety and simple phobias. Physical characteristics include dysmorphic faces, short stature, oculomotor deficits, gross and fine coordination impairments, diminished control of balance and mild extrapyramidal signs as well as gait abnormalities resembling gait hypokinesia. Genes near the distal deletion breakpoint appear to contribute most to the WBS cognitive and behavioral profile and include the GTF family of transcription factors: GTF2I, GTF2IRD1, GTF2IRD2. We have previously shown that heterozygous deletions of GTF2IRD1 in humans and homozygous deletion in mice contributes to craniofacial abnormalities. Here we show an important role of this gene in motor coordination and anxiety ascertained from extensive behavioral mouse phenotyping. Gtf2ird1 null mice showed lower body weight, decreased spontaneous and circadian locomotor activity, diminished motor coordination and strength, gait abnormalities, increased anxiety and an elevated endocrinological response to stress. Gtf2ird1 heterozygous mice displayed lower body weight and decreased circadian activity, but only minor motor coordination and anxiety-related behavioral dysfunctions. Our study strongly supports a role for GTF2IRD1 in the motoric and anxiety-related abnormalities seen in Williams–Beuren syndrome, and suggests basal ganglia and potentially cerebellar abnormalities in Gtf2ird1 mice.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2015 11:44
    Last Modified: 02 Dec 2016 11:50
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/12952

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    0Downloads
    88Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item