Static snapshots versus dynamic approaches to genes, brain, cognition, and behavior in neurodevelopmental disabilities
Karmiloff-Smith, Annette (2011) Static snapshots versus dynamic approaches to genes, brain, cognition, and behavior in neurodevelopmental disabilities. International Review of Research in Developmental Disabilities 40 , pp. 1-15. ISSN 2211-6095.
This chapter examines neurodevelopmental disabilities from a static versus dynamic viewpoint, at the level of genes, brain, cognition, and behavior. The notion of domain-relevant processes is offered to replace that of domain-specific and domain-general processes, illustrated by a discussion of the FOXP2 gene across different species, as well as of the domain of number in human cognitive development. Static versus dynamic approaches to neurodevelopmental disabilities are contrasted. A cross-syndrome comparison between infants with Williams syndrome (WS) and those with Down syndrome (DS) seems to result in a neat double dissociation, but a more dynamic developmental analysis shows the data to be far more complex and the result of cascading effects over ontogenetic time. Some novel ideas are presented about the implications for intervention of the dynamic approach to neurodevelopmental disabilities. The chapter concludes with challenges to current evolutionary assumptions about what is prespecified in the human case.
|Keyword(s) / Subject(s):||cognition, connectivity, disabilities, facial movement, neurodevelopmental, neurogenesis|
|School:||Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences|
|Research Centre:||Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)|
|Depositing User:||Sarah Hall|
|Date Deposited:||17 Sep 2015 15:21|
|Last Modified:||02 Dec 2016 11:50|
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