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    A multidisciplinary study of the final episode of the Manda Hararo dyke sequence, Ethiopia, and implications for trends in volcanism during the rifting cycle

    Barnie, T.D. and Keir, D. and Hamling, I. and Hofmann, B. and Belachew, M. and Carn, S. and Eastwell, D. and Hammond, James O.S. and Ayele, A. and Oppenheimer, C. and Wright, T. (2015) A multidisciplinary study of the final episode of the Manda Hararo dyke sequence, Ethiopia, and implications for trends in volcanism during the rifting cycle. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 420 , ISSN 0305-8719.

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    Abstract

    The sequence of dyke intrusions between 2005 and 2010 in the Manda Hararo rift segment, Ethiopia, provided an opportunity to test conceptual models of continental rifting. Based on trends up to dyke 13 in the sequence, it was anticipated that, should magma supply con- tinue, dykes would shorten in length and eruptions would increase in size and decrease in distance from the segment centre as extensional stress was progressively released. In this paper we revisit these predictions by presenting a comprehensive overview of the May 2010 dyke and fissure erup- tion, the 14th and last in the sequence, from InSAR, seismicity, satellite thermal data, ultraviolet SO2 retrievals and multiple LiDAR surveys. We find the dyke is longer than other eruptive dykes in the sequence, propagating in two directions from the segment centre, but otherwise fairly typical in terms of opening, propagation speed and geodetic and seismic moment. However, though the eruption is located closer to the segment centre, it is much smaller than pre- vious events. We interpret this as indicating that either the Manda Hararo rifting event was magma limited, or that extensional stress varies north and south of the segment centre.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: James Hammond
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2015 16:55
    Last Modified: 17 Nov 2017 15:52
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/13396

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