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    Early visual foraging in relationship to familial risk for autism and hyperactivity/inattention

    Gliga, Teodora and Smith, Tim J. and Likely, N. and Charman, T. and Johnson, Mark H. (2015) Early visual foraging in relationship to familial risk for autism and hyperactivity/inattention. Journal of Attention Disorders , ISSN 1087-0547. (In Press)

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    Abstract

    Objective. Information foraging is atypical in both autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and ADHD; however, while ASD is associated with restricted exploration and preference for sameness, ADHD is characterized by hyperactivity and increased novelty seeking. Here, we ask whether similar biases are present in visual foraging in younger siblings of children with a diagnosis of ASD with or without additional high levels of hyperactivity and inattention. Method. Fifty-four low-risk controls (LR) and 50 high-risk siblings (HR) took part in an eye-tracking study at 8 and 14 months and at 3 years of age. Results. At 8 months, siblings of children with ASD and low levels of hyperactivity/inattention (HR/ASD-HI) were more likely to return to previously visited areas in the visual scene than were LR and siblings of children with ASD and high levels of hyperactivity/inattention (HR/ASD+HI). Conclusion. We show that visual foraging is atypical in infants at-risk for ASD. We also reveal a paradoxical effect, in that additional family risk for ADHD core symptoms mitigates the effect of ASD risk on visual information foraging.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): infants, ASD, visual attention, eye-tracking
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Moving Image, Birkbeck Institute for the (BIMI), Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Teodora Gliga
    Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2015 15:36
    Last Modified: 14 Dec 2016 09:43
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/13698

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