Does the crossed-limb deficit affect the uncrossed portions of limbs?
Azañón, Elena and Radulova, S. and Haggard, P. and Longo, Matthew R. (2016) Does the crossed-limb deficit affect the uncrossed portions of limbs? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 42 (9), pp. 1320-1331. ISSN 0096-1523.
When locating touch we remap its location from skin-based to external coordinates as a function of body posture. While remapping is thought to occur whenever there is tactile input, research has focused on a special case, the crossed-hands deficit, where tactile localization is impaired when the limbs are crossed, as compared to uncrossed. To date, these studies have always stimulated portions of the limbs that are crossed, such as a finger of each hand. It is therefore unknown whether the deficit induced by arm crossing is specific to the crossed portion of the limb or affects the limb as a whole. In Experiments 1 and 2, we stimulated the shoulders and elbows and found that tactile localization, measured with temporal order judgments, was unaffected by crossing the forearms. In Experiment 3, a crossed-limbs deficit was observed for touches on a single skin location when that location was distal – but not proximal – to the crossing point of the arms. In Experiment 4, we found a similar crossed-limbs deficit irrespective of how far distally to the crossing point touch was applied. Together, these results demonstrate that crossing the limbs affects tactile perception only distal to the point of crossing. The process of remapping tactile events does not take into account the endpoint location of the limb, but an extremely precise metric description of the touch relative to the configuration of both arms.
|Additional Information:||This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.|
|Keyword(s) / Subject(s):||remapping, tactile processing, crossed-hands deficit, temporal order judgment, spatial reference frame|
|School:||Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences|
|Research Centre:||Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)|
|Depositing User:||Matthew Longo|
|Date Deposited:||18 Apr 2016 08:57|
|Last Modified:||02 Dec 2016 11:52|
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