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    High school music classes enhance the neural processing of speech

    Tierney, Adam and Krizman, J. and Skoe, E. and Johnston, K. and Kraus, N. (2013) High school music classes enhance the neural processing of speech. Frontiers In Educational Psychology 4 (855), ISSN 1664-1078.

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    Abstract

    Should music be a priority in public education? One argument for teaching music in school is that private music instruction relates to enhanced language abilities and neural function. However, the directionality of this relationship is unclear and it is unknown whether school-based music training can produce these enhancements. Here we show that 2 years of group music classes in high school enhance the neural encoding of speech. To tease apart the relationships between music and neural function, we tested high school students participating in either music or fitness-based training. These groups were matched at the onset of training on neural timing, reading ability, and IQ. Auditory brainstem responses were collected to a synthesized speech sound presented in background noise. After 2 years of training, the neural responses of the music training group were earlier than at pre-training, while the neural timing of students in the fitness training group was unchanged. These results represent the strongest evidence to date that in-school music education can cause enhanced speech encoding. The neural benefits of musical training are, therefore, not limited to expensive private instruction early in childhood but can be elicited by cost-effective group instruction during adolescence.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. it is reproduced with permission.
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): hearing, training, music, brainstem, auditory perception
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2015 17:22
    Last Modified: 02 Dec 2016 11:58
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/13779

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