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    Reconstructing and understanding the impacts of storms and surges, southern North Sea

    UNSPECIFIED (2016) Reconstructing and understanding the impacts of storms and surges, southern North Sea. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 41 (6), pp. 855-864. ISSN 0197-9337.

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    Abstract

    Coastal barriers are ubiquitous globally and provide a vital protective role to valuable landforms, habitats and communities located to landward. They are, however, vulnerable to extreme water levels and storm wave impacts. A detailed record of sub-annual to annual; decadal; and centennial rates of shoreline retreat in frontages characterised by both high (>3 m) and low (<1 m) dunes is established for a barrier island on the UK east coast. For four storms (2006 – 2013) we match still water levels and peak significant wave heights against shoreline change at high levels of spatial densification. The results suggest that, at least in the short-term, shoreline retreat, of typically 5 – 8 m, is primarily driven by individual events, separated by varying periods of barrier stasis. Over decadal timescales, significant inter-decadal changes can be seen in both barrier onshore retreat rates and in barrier extension rates alongshore. Whilst the alongshore variability in barrier migration seen in the short-term remains at the decadal scale, shoreline change at the centennial stage shows little alongshore variability between a region of barrier retreat (at 1.15 m a−1) and one of barrier extension. A data-mining approach, synchronising all the variables that drive shoreline change (still water level, timing of high spring tides and peak significant wave heights), is an essential requirement for validating models that predict future shoreline responses under changing sea level and storminess.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): coastal storms, barrier island dynamics, storm waves, surge residuals, shoreline retreat, DSAS
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Department of Geography
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2016 11:45
    Last Modified: 22 Aug 2019 10:11
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/14040

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