Evidence of an advantage in visuo-spatial memory for bilingual compared to monolingual speakers
Kerrigan, L. and Thomas, Michael S.C. and Bright, P. and Filippi, R. (2016) Evidence of an advantage in visuo-spatial memory for bilingual compared to monolingual speakers. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition , ISSN 1366-7289. (In Press)
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Previous research has indicated that bilinguals outperform monolinguals in cognitive tasks involving spatial working memory. The present study examines evidence for this claim using a different and arguably more ecologically valid method (the change blindness task). Bilingual and monolingual participants were presented with two versions of the same scenes and required to press a key as soon as they identified the alteration. They also completed the word and alpha span tasks, and the Corsi blocks task. The results in the change blindness task, controlled for group differences in non-verbal reasoning, indicated that bilinguals were faster and more accurate than monolinguals at detecting visual changes. Similar group differences were found on the Corsi block task. Unlike previous findings, no group differences were found on the verbal memory tasks. The results are discussed with reference to mechanisms of cognitive control as a locus of transfer between bilingualism and spatial working memory tasks.
|Keyword(s) / Subject(s):||bilingualism, executive function, working memory, verbal memory, visuo-spatial memory|
|School:||Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences|
|Research Centre:||Educational Neuroscience, Centre for, Birkbeck Knowledge Lab, Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)|
|Depositing User:||Michael Thomas|
|Date Deposited:||08 Apr 2016 11:25|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2017 13:02|
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