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    Human BRCA1-BARD1 Ubiquitin ligase activity counters chromatin barriers to DNA resection

    Densham, R. and Garvin, A. and Keep, Nicholas H. and Watts, F. and Morris, J. and Et, al (2016) Human BRCA1-BARD1 Ubiquitin ligase activity counters chromatin barriers to DNA resection. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology 23 , pp. 647-655. ISSN 1545-9993.

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    Abstract

    The opposing activities of 53BP1 and BRCA1 influence pathway choice of DNA double-strand break repair. How BRCA1 counters the inhibitory effect of 53BP1 on DNA resection and homologous recombination is unknown. Here we identify the site of BRCA1-BARD1 required for priming ubiquitin transfer from E2~ubiquitin. We demonstrate that BRCA1-BARD1’s ubiquitin ligase activity is required for repositioning 53BP1 on damaged chromatin. We confirm H2A ubiquitylation by BRCA1-BARD1 and show that an H2A-ubiquitin fusion protein promotes DNA resection and repair in BARD1 deficient cells. We show BRCA1-BARD1 function in homologous recombination requires the chromatin remodeler SMARCAD1. SMARCAD1 binding to H2A-ubiquitin, optimal localization to sites of damage and activity in DNA repair requires its ubiquitin-binding CUE domains. SMARCAD1 is required for 53BP1 repositioning and the need for SMARCAD1 in Olaparib or camptothecin resistance is alleviated by 53BP1 loss. Thus BRCA1-BARD1 ligase activity and subsequent SMARCAD1-dependent chromatin remodeling are critical regulators of DNA repair.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Research Centre: Structural Molecular Biology, Institute of (ISMB)
    Depositing User: Nicholas Keep
    Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2016 10:50
    Last Modified: 06 Sep 2017 10:19
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/15094

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