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    A global call for action to include gender in research impact assessment

    Ovseiko, P.V. and Greenhalgh, T. and Adam, P. and Grant, J. and Hinrichs-Krapels, S. and Graham, K.E.A. and Valentine, P.A. and Sued, O. and Boukhris, O.F. and Al Olaqi, N.M. and Al Rahbi, I.S. and Dowd, A.-M. and Bice, S. and Heiden, T.L. and Fischer, M.D. and Dopson, S. and Norton, R. and Pollitt, A. and Wooding, S. and Balling, G.V. and Jakobsen, U. and Kuhlman, E. and Klinge, I. and Pololi, L.H. and Jags, R. and Lawton-Smith, Helen and Etzkowitz, Henry and Nielsen, M.W. and Carrion, C. and Solans‐Domènech, M. and Vizcaino, E. and Naing, L. and Cheok, Q.H.N. and Eckelmann, B. and Simuyemba, M.C. and Msiska, T. and Declich, G. and Edmunds, L.D. and Kiparoglou, V. and Buchan, A.M.J. and Williamson, C. and Lord, G.M. and Channon, K.M. and Surender, R. and Buchan, A.M. (2016) A global call for action to include gender in research impact assessment. Health Research Policy and Systems 14 , ISSN 1478-4505.

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    Abstract

    Global investment in biomedical research has grown significantly over the last decades, reaching approximately a quarter of a trillion US dollars in 2010. However, not all of this investment is distributed evenly by gender. It follows, arguably, that scarce research resources may not be optimally invested (by either not supporting the best science or by failing to investigate topics that benefit women and men equitably). Women across the world tend to be significantly underrepresented in research both as researchers and research participants, receive less research funding, and appear less frequently than men as authors on research publications. There is also some evidence that women are relatively disadvantaged as the beneficiaries of research, in terms of its health, societal, and economic impacts. Historical gender biases may have created a path dependency that means that the research system and the impacts of research are biased towards male researchers and male beneficiaries, making it inherently difficult (though not impossible) to eliminate gender bias. In this commentary, we – a group of scholars and practitioners from Africa, America, Asia, and Europe– argue that gender-sensitive research impact assessment could become a force for good in moving science policy and practice towards gender equity. Research impact assessment is the multidisciplinary field of scientific inquiry that examines the research process to maximise scientific, societal, and economic returns on investment in research. It encompasses many theoretical and methodological approaches that can be used to investigate gender bias and recommend actions for change to maximise research impact. We offer a set of recommendations to research funders, research institutions, and research evaluators who conduct impact assessment on how to include and strengthen analysis of gender equity in research impact assessment and issue a global call for action.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Research impact assessment, Gender, Path dependency, Health research, Science policy, Athena SWAN, Call for action
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Management
    Research Centre: Innovation Management Research, Birkbeck Centre for
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2016 08:24
    Last Modified: 06 Dec 2016 10:06
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/15558

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