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    Academic entrepreneurship: spin-offs in Sweden and the UK

    Lindholm Dahlstrand, Å.T. and Lawton-Smith, Helen and Baines, N. (2016) Academic entrepreneurship: spin-offs in Sweden and the UK. In: Audretsch, D. and Lehmann, E. and Meoli, M. and Vismara, S. (eds.) University Evolution, Entrepreneurial Activity and Regional Competitiveness. International Studies in Entrepreneurship 32. Springer, pp. 127-150. ISBN 9783319177120.

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    Abstract

    Discussions of academic entrepreneurship often focus on efforts to commercialize inventions appropriated within the intellectual property (IP) system. However, studies in the U.S. have shown that a substantial amount of entrepreneurship happens outside of the formal IP system. In the UK each university sets its own rules on ownership of IP. In a few European countries, like Sweden, an inventor ownership model is dominating. There is a lack of studies of European academic entrepreneurship outside of the formal IP system; and accordingly there have been few possibilities to analyze the effects of different institutional set ups. To help fill this gap, this chapter analyses how different institutional settings affect academic entrepreneurship in Europe. By analyzing both patents and spin-offs (from Oxford University, UK and Chalmers University, Sweden) we will shed light on two processes for commercialization of university research. We empirically investigate university technology transfer at two different universities in two countries with a different inventor ownership regulation.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Book Section
    Additional Information: Seies ISSN: 1572-1922
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Academic Entrepreneurship, Commercialization, University spin-offs, Patents, Institutional setting
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Management
    Research Centre: Innovation Management Research, Birkbeck Centre for
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2016 11:55
    Last Modified: 06 Dec 2016 10:06
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/15829

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