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    Relative informativeness of quantifiers used in syllogistic reasoning

    Oaksford, Michael and Roberts, L. and Chater, N. (2002) Relative informativeness of quantifiers used in syllogistic reasoning. Memory & Cognition 30 (1), pp. 138-149. ISSN 0090-502X.

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    Abstract

    Three experiments tested a possible resolution of the probability heuristics model (PHM) of syllogistic reasoning proposed by Chater and Oaksford (1999), with their experimental results apparently showing that the generalized quantifierfew was not as informative as suggested theoretically. Modifying the interpretation offew to take into account the distinction between positive and negative quantifiers (Moxey & Sanford, 1993) indicated two orderings over the quantifiersall, most, few, some, none, andsome … not that are more consistent with the results. Experiments 1–3 tested these orderings empirically by having participants rank whether a quantifier applied to a particular probabilistic state of affairs. Experiments 1 and 2 showed that participants agreed on when a quantifier applied and that the empirically derived informativeness orderings were consistent with the proposed modifications of the order. Experiment 3 showed that this finding was robust even when response competition was eliminated.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2016 11:15
    Last Modified: 20 Sep 2016 11:15
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/16115

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