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    The burden of proof and its role in argumentation

    Hahn, Ulrike and Oaksford, Michael (2007) The burden of proof and its role in argumentation. Argumentation 21 (1), pp. 39-61. ISSN 0920-427X.

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    Abstract

    The notion of “the burden of proof” plays an important role in real-world argumentation contexts, in particular in law. It has also been given a central role in normative accounts of argumentation, and has been used to explain a range of classic argumentation fallacies. We argue that in law the goal is to make practical decisions whereas in critical discussion the goal is frequently simply to increase or decrease degree of belief in a proposition. In the latter case, it is not necessarily important whether that degree of belief exceeds a particular threshold (e.g., ‘reasonable doubt’). We explore the consequences of this distinction for the role that the “burden of proof” has played in argumentation and in theories of fallacy.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): argumentation, argument from ignorance, argument strength, burden of proof, decision-theory, fallacies, standard of proof
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Birkbeck Knowledge Lab
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2016 14:19
    Last Modified: 02 Dec 2016 13:39
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/16126

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