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    Mental mechanisms: speculations on human causal learning and reasoning

    Chater, N. and Oaksford, Michael Mental mechanisms: speculations on human causal learning and reasoning. In: Fiedler, K. and Juslin, P. (eds.) Information Sampling and Adaptive Cognition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. 210-236. ISBN 9780521539333.

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    Abstract

    Book synopsis: A 'sample' is not only a concept from statistics that has penetrated common sense but also a metaphor that has inspired much research and theorizing in current psychology. The sampling approach emphasizes the selectivity and the biases that are inherent in the samples of information input with which judges and decision makers are fed. As environmental samples are rarely random, or representative of the world as a whole, decision making calls for censorship and critical evaluation of the data given. However, even the most intelligent decision makers tend to behave like 'näive intuitive statisticians': quite sensitive to the data given but uncritical concerning the source of the data. Thus, the vicissitudes of sampling information in the environment together with the failure to monitor and control sampling effects adequately provide a key to re-interpreting findings obtained in the last two decades of research on judgment and decision making.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Book Section
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2016 15:13
    Last Modified: 21 Sep 2016 15:13
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/16153

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