BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Hierarchical organization in visual working memory: from global ensemble to individual object structure

    Nie, Q.-Y. and Muller, Hermann J. and Conci, M. (2017) Hierarchical organization in visual working memory: from global ensemble to individual object structure. Cognition 159 , pp. 85-96. ISSN 0010-0277.

    Full text not available from this repository.

    Abstract

    When remembering a natural scene, both detailed information about specific objects and summary representations such as the gist of a scene are encoded. However, formal models of change detection that are used to estimate working memory capacity, typically assume observers simply encode and maintain memory representations that are treated independently from one another without considering the (hierarchical) object or scene structure. To overcome this limitation, we present a hierarchical variant of the change detection task that attempts to formalize the role of object structure, thus, allowing for richer, more graded memory representations. We demonstrate that detection of a global-object change precedes local-object changes of hierarchical shapes to a large extent. Moreover, when systematically varying object repetitions between individual items at a global or a local level, memory performance declines mainly for repeated global objects, but not for repeated local objects, which suggests that ensemble (i.e., summary) representations are likewise biased toward a global level. In addition, this global memory precedence effect is shown to be independent from encoding durations, and mostly cannot be attributed to differences in saliency or shape discriminability at global/local object levels. This pattern of results is suggestive of a global/local difference occurring primarily during memory maintenance. Altogether, these findings challenge visual-working-memory (vWM) models that propose that a fixed number of objects can be remembered regardless of the individual object structure. Instead, our results support a hierarchical model that emphasizes the role for structured representations among objects in vWM.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Change detection, Visual working memory, Global precedence, Object structure, Ensemble representation
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2017 13:12
    Last Modified: 19 Jun 2017 15:27
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/17761

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    0Downloads
    215Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item