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    Does mentoring make a difference for women academics? Evidence from the literature and a guide for future research

    Meschitti, Viviana and Lawton-Smith, Helen (2017) Does mentoring make a difference for women academics? Evidence from the literature and a guide for future research. Journal of Research in Gender Studies 7 (1), pp. 166-199. ISSN 2164-0262.

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    Abstract

    This paper aims at reviewing literature on mentoring in academia, with a focus on mentoring to enhance women’s careers. A significant gender imbalance in science persists, and mentoring has been recognised as an important instrument for fostering academic women’s careers and addressing such imbalance. However, often the benefits of mentoring are taken for granted. This review aims to unpack the concept of mentoring, understand which trends characterise the mentoring literature, and analyse the evidence; moreover, it aims to discover potential gaps and propose a model to guide future research. A systematic approach is undertaken: four relevant search engines, covering more disciplines, are browsed to look for empirical studies on mentoring academic women from 1990 to March 2017. The review shows that there are some problems. First, there is no agreement on the definition of mentoring. Then, often studies are poorly grounded from a theoretical and conceptual perspective. In addition to the dominating research stream, focused on the benefits for the mentee, three other streams are consolidating: impact on the mentors, the role of group mentoring, and mentoring as an instrument to change institutions. At the end, we propose a model to guide future studies built on a longitudinal perspective.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): mentoring, women, academia, gender imbalance, literature review
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Management
    Depositing User: Viviana Meschitti
    Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2017 08:38
    Last Modified: 08 Jun 2017 08:38
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/18871

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