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    Disruption of a structurally important extracellular element in the Glycine Receptor leads to decreased synaptic integration and signaling resulting in Severe Startle Disease

    Schaefer, N. and Berger, A. and van Brederode, J. and Zheng, F. and Zhang, Y. and Leacock, S. and Littau, L. and Jablonka, S. and Malhotra, S. and Topf, Maya and Winter, F. and Davydova, D. and Lynch, J.W. and Paige, C.J. and Alzheimer, C. and Harvey, R.J. and Villmann, C. (2017) Disruption of a structurally important extracellular element in the Glycine Receptor leads to decreased synaptic integration and signaling resulting in Severe Startle Disease. The Journal of Neuroscience 37 (33), pp. 7948-7961. ISSN 0270-6474.

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    Abstract

    Functional impairments or trafficking defects of inhibitory glycine receptors (GlyRs) have been linked to human hyperekplexia/startle disease and autism spectrum disorders. We found that a lack of synaptic integration of GlyRs, together with disrupted receptor function, is responsible for a lethal startle phenotype in a novel spontaneous mouse mutant shaky, caused by a missense mutation, Q177K, located in the extracellular β8–β9 loop of the GlyR α1 subunit. Recently, structural data provided evidence that the flexibility of the β8–β9 loop is crucial for conformational transitions during opening and closing of the ion channel and represents a novel allosteric binding site in Cys-loop receptors. We identified the underlying neuropathological mechanisms in male and female shaky mice through a combination of protein biochemistry, immunocytochemistry, and both in vivo and in vitro electrophysiology. Increased expression of the mutant GlyR α1Q177K subunit in vivo was not sufficient to compensate for a decrease in synaptic integration of α1Q177Kβ GlyRs. The remaining synaptic heteromeric α1Q177Kβ GlyRs had decreased current amplitudes with significantly faster decay times. This functional disruption reveals an important role for the GlyR α1 subunit β8–β9 loop in initiating rearrangements within the extracellular–transmembrane GlyR interface and that this structural element is vital for inhibitory GlyR function, signaling, and synaptic clustering.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2018 12:22
    Last Modified: 02 Jul 2018 12:22
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/19603

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