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    More haste less speed: a meta-analysis of thinking latencies during planning in people with psychosis

    Watson, A.J. and Joyce, E.M. and Fugard, Andrew J.B. and Leeson, V.C. and Barnes, T.R.E. and Huddy, V. (2017) More haste less speed: a meta-analysis of thinking latencies during planning in people with psychosis. Psychiatry Research 258 , pp. 576-582. ISSN 0165-1781.

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    Abstract

    Cognitive impairment is a core feature of psychosis, with slowed processing speed thought to be a prominent impairment in schizophrenia and first-episode psychosis. However, findings from the Stockings of Cambridge (SOC) planning task suggest changes in processing speed associated with the illness may include faster responses in early stages of planning, though findings are inconsistent. This review uses meta-analytic methods to assess thinking times in psychosis across the available literature. Studies were identified by searching PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar. Eligibility criteria: 1) included a sample of people with non-affective psychosis according to DSM III, DSM IV, DSM V or ICD-10 criteria; 2) employed the SOC task; 3) included a healthy control group; and 4) published in English. We identified 11 studies that employed the SOC task. Results show that people with psychosis have significantly faster initial thinking times than non-clinical participants, but significantly slower subsequent thinking times during problem execution. These findings indicate that differences in processing speed are not limited to slower responses in people with psychosis but may reflect a preference for step-by-step processing rather than planning before task execution. We suggest this style of responding is adopted to compensate for working memory impairment.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Schizophrenia, Cognition, Executive function, Processing speed, CANTAB
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Psychosocial Studies
    Depositing User: Andrew Fugard
    Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2017 15:26
    Last Modified: 06 Sep 2018 00:10
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/19651

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