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    Optical imaging during toddlerhood: brain responses during naturalistic social interactions

    Hakuno, Y. and Pirazzoli, L. and Blasi, Anna and Johnson, Mark H. and Lloyd-Fox, Sarah (2018) Optical imaging during toddlerhood: brain responses during naturalistic social interactions. Neurophotonics 5 (1), ISSN 2329-423X.

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    Abstract

    Despite the importance of our ability to interact and communicate with others, the early development of the social brain network remains poorly understood. We examined brain activity in 12- to 14-month-old infants while they were interacting live with an adult in two different naturalistic social scenarios (i.e., reading a picture book versus singing nursery rhymes with gestures), as compared to baseline (i.e., showing infants a toy without eye contact or speech). We used functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) recorded over the right temporal lobe of infants to assess the role of the superior temporal sulcus - temporoparietal junction (STS-TPJ) region during naturalistic social interactions. We observed increased cortical activation in the STS-TPJ region to live social stimuli in both socially engaging conditions compared to baseline during real life interaction, with greater activation evident for the joint attention (reading book) condition relative to the social nursery rhymes. These results supported the view that the STS-TPJ region, engaged in the cortical social brain network, is already specialized in infants for processing social signals and is sensitive to communicative situations. This study also highlighted the potential of fNIRS for studying brain function in infants entering toddlerhood during live social interaction.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Copyright 2018 Society of Photo Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Sarah Lloyd Fox
    Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2018 10:37
    Last Modified: 01 Jun 2018 13:10
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/21742

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