BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Judged by peers? The diversity of lay magistrates in England and Wales

    Gibbs, P. and Kirby, Amy (2014) Judged by peers? The diversity of lay magistrates in England and Wales. Working Paper. Institute for Criminal Policy Research, Birkbeck, University of London, London, UK.

    [img]
    Preview
    Text
    HLWP_6_2014.pdf - Published Version of Record

    Download (665kB) | Preview

    Abstract

    The criminal justice system of England and Wales relies heavily on members of the public – ‘lay participants’ – in administering justice. The roots of lay participation lie in the notion of participatory democracy, specifically ‘judgement by one’s peers’ (Sanders, 2002; Crawford, 2004; Gibson and Cavadino, 2008). The use of juries and lay magistrates offers an inclusive form of justice involving people without legal education passing judgement on fellow members of society. Any member of the public aged between 18 and 65 can apply to become a lay magistrate, and as Crawford (2004) has highlighted, it is important that lay participants in criminal justice adequately reflect the communities which they serve. This paper questions the representativeness of lay magistrates in their locality, through analysing existing evidence on the lay magistracy’s composition and linking that to trends in the recruitment of magistrates. The paper argues that lay magistrates are in some ways less diverse than they were at the turn of the century; being older, less representative of England and Wales’ BAME population and possibly more middle class.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
    Additional Information: Howard League What is Justice? Working Papers 6/2014
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Law
    Research Centre: Criminal Policy Research, Institute for
    Depositing User: Amy Kirby
    Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2018 08:38
    Last Modified: 28 Jul 2019 19:59
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/22162

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    88Downloads
    241Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item