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    Does terror defeat contact?  Intergroup contact and social distance from Muslims before and after the London Bombings

    Abrams,, D and Van de Vyver, J. and Houston, Diane and Vasiljevic, M. (2017) Does terror defeat contact?  Intergroup contact and social distance from Muslims before and after the London Bombings. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 23 (3), pp. 260-268. ISSN 1078-1919.

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    Abstract

    Allport (1954) proposed a series of preconditions that have subsequently been shown to facilitate effects of intergroup contact on attitudes toward outgroups (Pettigrew & Tropp, 2006). The present study examines whether objective threat, in the form of the 2005 London 7/7 terror attack, can inhibit the positive effects of contact. We tested hypotheses that contact would affect prejudice toward Muslims regardless of the bombings (contact prevails) or that the bombings would inhibit the effects of contact on prejudice (threat inhibits). Data were collected through representative national surveys 1 month before and again 1 month after the attacks in London on July 7, 2005 (pre-7/7 N = 931; post-7/7 N = 1,100), which represent relatively low and relatively high salience of “objective threat.” Prejudice against Muslims significantly increased following the bombings. Psychological threats to safety (safety threat) and to customs (symbolic threat) mediated the impact of the bombings on prejudice, whereas perceived economic threat did not. All 3 types of psychological threat mediated between contact and prejudice. Multigroup structural equation modeling showed that, even though the objective threat did raise levels of psychological threats, the positive effects of contact on prejudice through perceived psychological threats persisted. Results therefore support a contact prevails hypothesis.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): intergroup contact, intergroup conflict, threat, prejudice
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Organizational Psychology
    Depositing User: Diane Houston
    Date Deposited: 17 May 2018 07:28
    Last Modified: 17 May 2018 07:28
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/22365

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