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    Inhibitory control and counterintuitive science and maths reasoning in adolescence

    Brookman-Byrne, Annie and Mareschal, Denis and Tolmie, A.K. and Dumontheil, Iroise (2018) Inhibitory control and counterintuitive science and maths reasoning in adolescence. PLoS One , ISSN 1932-6203. (In Press)

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    Link to Research Data: http://dx.doi.org/10.18743/DATA.00017

    Abstract

    Existing concepts can be a major barrier to learning new counterintuitive concepts that contradict pre-existing experience-based beliefs or misleading perceptual cues. When reasoning about counterintuitive concepts, inhibitory control is thought to enable the suppression of incorrect concepts. This study investigated the association between inhibitory control and counterintuitive science and maths reasoning in adolescents (N=90, 11-15 years). Both response and semantic inhibition were associated with counterintuitive science and maths reasoning, when controlling for age, general cognitive ability, and performance in control science and maths trials. Better response inhibition was associated with longer reaction times in counterintuitive trials, while better semantic inhibition was associated with higher accuracy in counterintuitive trials. This novel finding suggests that different aspects of inhibitory control may offer unique contributions to counterintuitive reasoning during adolescence and provides further support for the hypothesis that inhibitory control plays a role in science and maths reasoning.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Inhibitory control, reasoning, science, Mathematics, misconceptions, secondary school
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD), Educational Neuroscience, Centre for
    Depositing User: Iroise Dumontheil
    Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2018 10:05
    Last Modified: 29 Jul 2019 23:29
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/22783

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