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Infants can infer the presence of hidden objects from referential gaze information

Csibra, Gergely and Volein, Agnes (2008) Infants can infer the presence of hidden objects from referential gaze information. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 26 (1), pp. 1-11. ISSN 0261-510x.

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Infants' apparent failure in gaze-following tasks is often interpreted as a sign of lack of understanding the referential nature of looking. In the present study, 8- and 12-month-old infants followed the gaze of a model to one of two locations hidden from their view by occluders. When the occluders were removed, an object was revealed either at the location where the model had looked or at the other side. Infants at both ages looked longer at the empty location when it had been indicated by the model's looking behaviour, and this effect held up even when their first look after gaze following was discounted. This result demonstrates that even young infants hold referential expectations when they follow others' gaze and infer the location of hidden objects accordingly.

Item Type: Article
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2011 09:55
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:18

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