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Ten-month-olds' selective use of visual dimensions in category learning

Gliga, Teodora and Mareschal, Denis and Johnson, Mark H. (2008) Ten-month-olds' selective use of visual dimensions in category learning. Infant Behavior & Development 31 (2), pp. 287-293. ISSN 0163-6383.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2007.12.001

Abstract

There is now general consensus that infants can use several different visual properties as the basis for categorization. Nonetheless, little is known about when and whether infants can be guided by contextual information to select the relevant properties from amongst those available to them. We show here that by 10 months of age infants can be biased, through observational learning, to use one or the other of two object properties for classification. Two groups of infants watched an actress classifying objects by either shape (the Shape group) or surface pattern (the Pattern group). When subsequently presented with two test trials which contradicted either one or the other of the classification rules, infants in the two groups looked longer to the classification event that was incompatible with the rule that group had been familiarized to. These results are discussed with reference to the development of selective feature processing in infancy.

Item Type: Article
Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Categorization, context dependence, observational learning, selective attention
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2010 14:48
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:19
URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/2446

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