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Long-term effects of preterm birth on language and literacy at eight years

Guarini, A. and Sansavini, A. and Fabbri, C. and Savini, S. and Alessandroni, R. and Faldella, G. and Karmiloff-Smith, Annette (2009) Long-term effects of preterm birth on language and literacy at eight years. Journal of Child Language 37 (4), pp. 865-885. ISSN 0305-0009.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0305000909990109

Abstract

The aims of this study were to investigate whether specific linguistic difficulties in preterm children persist at eight years and to examine the interrelationships between language and literacy in this population, compared with a control group of full-term children. Sixty-eight monolingual Italian preterms and 26 chronologically matched controls were recruited. Language (grammar comprehension, lexical production and phonological awareness), literacy (reading comprehension, reading and writing) and general cognitive development were investigated. Results showed no general delay in preterms, but slight difficulties in specific linguistic abilities (grammar, lexicon, phoneme synthesis and deletion of the first syllable), more difficulties in literacy (speed in reading and accuracy in writing) and certain correlations among competencies turning out to be different from the control group. In conclusion, our study established that a partially atypical trajectory emerged in preterms, showing specific long-term effects of preterm birth on language and literacy development.

Item Type: Article
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2011 11:25
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:19
URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/2459

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