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    Effects of lateral head inclination on multimodal spatial orientation judgments in neglect: evidence for impaired spatial orientation constancy

    Funk, J. and Finke, K. and Muller, Hermann J. and Utz, K.S. and Kerkhoff, G. (2010) Effects of lateral head inclination on multimodal spatial orientation judgments in neglect: evidence for impaired spatial orientation constancy. Neuropsychologia 48 (6), pp. 1616-1627. ISSN 0028-3932.

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    Abstract

    Recent research revealed that patients with spatial hemineglect show deficits in the judgment of the subjective vertical and horizontal. Systematic deviations in the subjective axes have been demonstrated in the visual and tactile modality, indicating a supramodal spatial orientation deficit. Further, the magnitude of the bias was shown to be modulated by head- and body-position. The present study investigated the effect of passive lateral head inclination on the subjective visual and tactile vertical and horizontal in neglect patients, control patients with left- or right-sided brain damage without neglect and healthy controls. Subjects performed visual- and tactile-spatial judgments of axis orientations in an upright head orientation and with lateral head inclination 25° in clockwise (CW) or counterclockwise (CCW) direction. Neglect patients displayed a marked variability as well as a systematic tilt in their spatial judgments. In line with a multisensory spatial orientation deficit their subjective vertical and horizontal was tilted CCW in the visual and in the tactile modality, while such a tilt was not evident in any other subject group. Furthermore, lateral head inclination had a differential effect in neglect patients, but not in control subjects. Neglect patients’ judgments were modulated in the direction of the head tilt (‘A-effect’). That is, a CCW inclination further increased the CCW spatial bias whereas a CW inclination decreased the spatial bias and thus led to approximately normal performance. The increased A-effect might be caused by a pathologically strong attraction of the subjective vertical by an idiotropic vector relying on the actual head orientation, as a consequence of impaired processing of gravitational information in neglect patients.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Neglect, space perception, subjective vertical, subjective horizontal, visual, tactile, posture, gravity
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2010 15:56
    Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:19
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/2504

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