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"Hola María": racismo y discriminación en la interacción interétnica cotidiana en quito

Placencia, Maria Elena (2008) "Hola María": racismo y discriminación en la interacción interétnica cotidiana en quito. Discurso & Sociedad 2 (3), pp. 573-608. ISSN 1887-4606.

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This study explores discriminatory practices, based on ethnic-racial prejudice, in everyday interaction between indigenous people, mostly of Kichwa nationality, and white-mestizos in Quito-Ecuador. It is part of a broader study that explores this topic from three perspectives: that of the indigenous peoples, the white-mestizos, as well as the perspective derived from the analysis and observation of actual interethnic interactions. Here we focus on the first perspective which we explore by means of in-depth interviews and focal group discussions with indigenous peoples residing in Quito. We also make some reference to data from observation of interactions between indigenous peoples and white mestizos. The study draws on works within critical discourse analysis on the topic of ethnic prejudice and racism (van Dijk, 1984, 1987, 2002, 2003; Wodak & Matouschek, 1998; Pilleux, 2005; Quilaqueo, 2005, amongst others) and studies within intercultural communication, sociopragmatics, anthropology and sociology with reference to Latin America in particular (cf. Gugenberger, 1997), and Ecuador more specifically (Cervone, 1999a; De la Torre Espinosa, 2002a [1996]). Using Spencer-Oatey's (2000, 2008) rapport management model, we examine how discriminatory practices appear to be constructed with respect to various domains: the stylistic, the participatory, the illocutionary and the nonverbal domains. We show how indigenous peoples find their relation with white-mestizos threatened by means of a number of verbal and nonverbal mechanisms that the latter employ. Through these mechanisms, the dominant ideology that positions indigenous peoples as inferior vis-a-vis white-mestizos is recreated and their status as valid clients / customers / classmates, etc. is denied.

Item Type: Article
Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Discursive racism, indigenous peoples, Ecuador, (im)politeness, rapport management, address forms
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Arts > Cultures and Languages
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2010 10:38
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2014 10:55

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