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    Salmonella typhimurium SifA effector protein requires its membrane-anchoring C-terminal hexapeptide for its biological function

    Boucrot, Emmanuel and Beuzon, C.R. and Holden, D.W. and Gorvel, J.P. and Méresse, S. (2003) Salmonella typhimurium SifA effector protein requires its membrane-anchoring C-terminal hexapeptide for its biological function. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278 (16), pp. 14196-14202. ISSN 0021-9258.

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    Abstract

    SifA is a Salmonella typhimurium effector protein that is translocated across the membrane of the Salmonella-containing vacuole by the Salmonella pathogenicity island 2-encoded type III secretion system. SifA is necessary for the formation ofSalmonella-induced filaments and for the maintenance of the vacuolar membrane enclosing the pathogen. We have investigated the role of the C-terminal hexapeptide of SifA as a potential site for membrane anchoring. An S. typhimuriumstrain carrying a deletion of the sequence encoding this hexapeptide (sifAΔ6) was found to be attenuated for systemic virulence in mice. In mouse macrophages, sifAΔ6 mutant bacteria displayed a reduced association with vacuolar markers, similar to that of sifA null mutant bacteria, and exhibited a dramatic replication defect. Expression of SifA in epithelial cells results in the mobilization of lysosomal glycoproteins in large vesicular structures and Sif-like tubules. This process requires the presence of the C-terminal hexapeptide domain of SifA. Ectopic expression of truncated or mutated versions of SifA affecting the C-terminal hexapeptide revealed a strong correlation between the membrane binding capability and the biological activity of the protein. Finally, the eleven C-terminal residues of SifA are shown to be sufficient to target the Aequorea green fluorescent protein to membranes. Altogether, our results indicate that membrane anchoring of SifA requires its C-terminal hexapeptide domain, which is important for the biological function of this bacterial effector.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 07 May 2019 12:49
    Last Modified: 30 Jul 2019 20:09
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/27424

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