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    Effect of different photoperiods on the growth, infectivity and colonisation of Trinidadian fungal strains and spore types of paecilomyces fumosoroseus on the greenhouse whitefly, trialeurodes vaporariorum, using a glass slide bioassay

    Avery, P. and Faull, Jane and Simmonds, M. (2004) Effect of different photoperiods on the growth, infectivity and colonisation of Trinidadian fungal strains and spore types of paecilomyces fumosoroseus on the greenhouse whitefly, trialeurodes vaporariorum, using a glass slide bioassay. Journal of Insect Science 4 (1), p. 38. ISSN 1536-2442.

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    Abstract

    Growth, infectivity and colonization rates for blastospores and conidia of Trinidadian strains T, T10, and T11 of Paecilomyces fumosoroseus (Wize) Brown & Smith were assessed for activity against late fourth-instar nymphs of Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) (Homoptera:Aleyrodidae) under two different photoperiods (24 and 16 hour photophase). A glass-slide bioassay and a fungal development index, modified for both blastospores and conidia, were used to compare the development rates of the fungal strains on the insect hosts. Fewer adult whiteflies emerged from nymphs treated with blastospores and reared under a 16:8 hour light:dark photoperiod than a 24:0 hour photoperiod. Eclosion times of whitefly adults that emerged from nymphs treated with the different strains of conidia were similar over the 8 day experimental period at both light regimes. The percent eclosion of adult whiteflies seems to be directly correlated with the speed of infection of the blastospore or conidial treatment and the photoperiod regime. The longer photophase had a significant positive effect on development index for blastospores; however, a lesser effect was observed for the conidia at either light regime. Blastospore strain T11 offered the most potential of the three Trinidadian strains against T. vaporariorum fourth-instar nymphs, especially under constant light. The glass-slide bioassay was successfully used to compare both blastospores and conidia of P. fumosoroseus. It can be used to determine the pathogenicity and the efficacy of various fungal preparations against aleyrodid pests.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 13 May 2019 13:50
    Last Modified: 27 Jul 2019 10:16
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/27485

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