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    Love is . . . an abstract word: the influence of phonological and semantic factors on verbal short-term memory in Williams syndrome

    Laing, E. and Grant, J. and Thomas, Michael S.C. and Parmigiani, C. and Ewing, S. and Karmiloff-Smith, Annette (2005) Love is . . . an abstract word: the influence of phonological and semantic factors on verbal short-term memory in Williams syndrome. Cortex 41 (2), pp. 169-179. ISSN 0010-9452.

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    Abstract

    It has been claimed that verbal short-term memory in Williams syndrome is characterised by an over-use of phonological coding alongside a reduced contribution of lexical semantics. We critically examine this hypothesis and present results from a memory span task comparing performance on concrete and abstract words, together with a replication of a span task using phonologically similar and phonologically dissimilar words. Fourteen participants with Williams syndrome were individually matched to two groups of typically developing children. The first control group was matched on digit span and the second on vocabulary level. Significant effects were found for both the semantic and the phonological variables in the WS group as well as in the control groups, with no interaction between experimental variable and group in either experiment. The results demonstrate that, despite claims to the contrary, children and adults with WS are able to access and make use of lexical semantics in a verbal short-term memory task in a manner comparable to typically developing individuals.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Williams syndrome, short-term memory, language acquisition, phonology, semantics
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Educational Neuroscience, Centre for, Birkbeck Knowledge Lab, Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2010 12:32
    Last Modified: 09 Dec 2016 11:15
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/2881

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