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Characterisation of sleep problems in children with Williams syndrome

Annaz, Dagmara and Hill, C.M. and Ashworth, A. and Holley, S. and Karmiloff-Smith, Annette (2011) Characterisation of sleep problems in children with Williams syndrome. Research in Developmental Disabilities 32 (1), pp. 164-169. ISSN 0891-4222.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2010.09.008

Abstract

Sleep is critical to optimal daytime functioning, learning and general health. In children with established developmental disorders sleep difficulties may compound existing learning difficulties. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and syndrome specificity of sleep problems in Williams syndrome (WS), a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting around 1 in 20,000 live births. Parents of 64 children with WS, aged 6–12 years, and 92 age matched healthy controls were surveyed about their child's sleep habits. The Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire, general health and background information were collected from the parents. Ninety seven percent of parents reported that their children had sleep problems and reported a high prevalence of sleep difficulties: greater bedtime resistance, sleep anxiety, night waking and daytime sleepiness. This is the first study to our knowledge to survey sleep problems in a large cohort of school age children with WS. Sleep problems in children with learning difficulties are often amendable to treatment if diagnosed early. Furthermore the negative impact of sleep disturbances on daytime behaviour and learning should be measured before diagnoses of behaviourally defined disorders are considered.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: *No ID for author (PR 13.9.11)
Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Sleep, genetic disorders, Williams syndrome
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2011 12:13
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:20
URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/2978

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