The role of Glu498 in the dioxygen reactivity of CotA-laccase from Bacillus subtilis
Chen, Z. and Durão, P. and Silva, C.S. and Pereira, M.M. and Todorovic, S. and Hildebrandt, P. and Bento, I. and Lindley, Peter F. and Martins, L.O. (2010) The role of Glu498 in the dioxygen reactivity of CotA-laccase from Bacillus subtilis. Dalton Transactions 39 (11), pp. 2875-2882. ISSN 1477-9226.
The multicopper oxidases couple the one-electron oxidation of four substrate molecules to the four electron reductive cleavage of the O-O bond of dioxygen. This reduction takes place at the trinuclear copper centre of the enzyme and the dioxygen approaches this centre through an entrance channel. In this channel, an acidic residue plays a key role in steering the dioxygen to the trinuclear copper site, providing protons for the catalytic reaction and giving overall stability to this site. In this study, the role of the Glu(498) residue, located within the entrance channel to the trinuclear copper centre, has been investigated in the binding and reduction of dioxygen by the CotA-laccase from Bacillus subtilis. The absence of an acidic group at the 498 residue, as in the E498T and E498L mutants, results in a severe catalytic impairment, higher than 99%, for the phenolic and non-phenolic substrates tested. The replacement of this glutamate by aspartate leads to an activity that is around 10% relative to that of the wild-type. Furthermore, while this latter mutant shows a similar K-m value for dioxygen, the E498T and E498L mutants show a decreased affinity, when compared to the wild-type. X-ray structural and spectroscopic analysis (UV-visible, electron paramagnetic resonance and resonance Raman) reveal perturbations of the structural properties of the catalytic centres in the Glu(498) mutants when compared to the wild-type protein. Overall, the results strongly suggest that Glu(498) plays a key role in the protonation events that occur at the trinuclear centre and in its stabilization, controlling therefore the binding of dioxygen and its further reduction.
|Keyword(s) / Subject(s):||Multicopper oxidase FET3P, crystal structure, 4-electron reduction, full complement, endospore coat,proton donor, copper site, resolution, mutations, CUEO|
|School:||Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Biological Sciences|
|Date Deposited:||21 Feb 2011 11:02|
|Last Modified:||17 Apr 2013 12:20|
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