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Defining the mechanism of polymerization in the serpinopathies

Ekeowa, U.I. and Freeke, J. and Miranda, E. and Gooptu, Bibek and Bush, M.F. and Pérez, J. and Teckman, J. and Robinson, C.V. and Lomas, D.A. (2010) Defining the mechanism of polymerization in the serpinopathies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107 (40), pp. 17146-17151. ISSN 0027-8424.

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The serpinopathies result from the ordered polymerization of mutants of members of the serine proteinase inhibitor (serpin) superfamily. These polymers are retained within the cell of synthesis where they cause a toxic gain of function. The serpinopathies are exemplified by inclusions that form with the common severe Z mutant of alpha(1)-antitrypsin that are associated with liver cirrhosis. There is considerable controversy as to the pathway of serpin polymerization and the structure of pathogenic polymers that cause disease. We have used synthetic peptides, limited proteolysis, monoclonal antibodies, and ion mobility-mass spectrometry to characterize the polymerogenic intermediate and pathological polymers formed by Z alpha(1)-antitrypsin. Our data are best explained by a model in which polymers form through a single intermediate and with a reactive center loop-beta-sheet A linkage. Our data are not compatible with the recent model in which polymers are linked by a beta-hairpin of the reactive center loop and strand 5A. Understanding the structure of the serpin polymer is essential for rational drug design strategies that aim to block polymerization and so treat alpha(1)-antitrypsin deficiency and the serpinopathies.

Item Type: Article
Keyword(s) / Subject(s): alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency, protein folding, serpins, polymers, cirrhosis
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2011 13:18
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2015 13:47

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