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Structural Basis for the Allosteric Regulation and Substrate Recognition of Human Cytosolic 5'-Nucleotidase II

Walldén, Karin and Nordlund, P. (2011) Structural Basis for the Allosteric Regulation and Substrate Recognition of Human Cytosolic 5'-Nucleotidase II. Journal of Molecular Biology 408 (4), pp. 684-696. ISSN 0022-2836.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2011.02.059

Abstract

Cytosolic 5’-nucleotidase II (cN-II) catalyzes the dephosphorylation of 6-hydroxypurine nucleoside 5'-monophosphates and participates in the regulation of purine nucleotide pools within the cell. It interferes with the phosphorylation dependent activation of nucleoside analogues used in treatment of cancer and viral diseases. It is allosterically activated by a number of phosphate containing cellular metabolites such as ATP, diadenosine polyphosphates and 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate, which couple its activity with the metabolic state of the cell. We present seven high-resolution structures of human cN-II including a ligand-free form and complexes with various substrates and effectors. These structures reveal the structural basis for the allosteric activation of cN-II, uncovering a mechanism where an effector-induced disorder-to-order transition generates rearrangements within the catalytic site and the subsequent coordination of the catalytically essential magnesium. Central to the activation is the large transition of the catalytically essential Asp356. This study also provides the structural basis for the substrate specificity of cN-II where Arg202, Asp206 and Phe157 seem to be important residues for purine/pyrimidine selectivity. These structures provide a comprehensive structural basis for the design of inhibitors of cN-II. They also contribute to the understanding, at a molecular level, of how the nucleotide salvage pathway is regulated.

Item Type: Article
Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Nucleotidase, Nucleoside analogue, Allosteric mechanism, HAD superfamily, P-type ATPase
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2011 15:01
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:20
URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/3191

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