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Pliocene onset of rapid exhumation in Taiwan during arc-continent collision: new insights from detrital thermochronometry

Kirstein, L.A. and Fellin, M.G. and Willett, S.D. and Carter, Andrew and Chen, Y.G. and Garver, J.I. and Lee, D.C. (2010) Pliocene onset of rapid exhumation in Taiwan during arc-continent collision: new insights from detrital thermochronometry. Basin Research 22 (3), pp. 270-285. ISSN 0950-091X.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2117.2009.00426.x

Abstract

The Coastal Range in eastern Taiwan contains the remnants of the Pliocene–Pleistocene retro-foredeep basin of the ongoing Penglai orogeny. These sedimentary successions record the earliest exhumation of the Central Range, Taiwan. We dated detrital Plio-Pleistocene sediments in the Coastal Range using multiple thermochronometers [fission-track, zircon (U–Th)/He and U/Pb dating] to document changes in exhumation rate through time. Fission-track grain ages in 2–4-Myr-old sediments were not reset by the Penglai orogeny and reflect the early stage removal of the sedimentary cover. This early stage, when exhumation rates were low, could encompass both the accretionary wedge phase of the orogen and the early arc–continent collision. Sediments younger than 2-Myr-old yield Pliocene zircon fission-track grain ages and suggest that exhumation, transport and deposition occurred within 0.4–1.5 Myr. The recorded onset of rapid exhumation in the Pliocene is contemporaneous with other major tectonic changes in the region, including an increase in subsidence rate in both the pro- and retro-foredeep basins and a change in the wedge kinematics from internal shortening to underplating.

Item Type: Article
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2011 14:48
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:20
URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/3219

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