Social and attention factors during infancy and the later emergence of autism characteristics
Elsabbagh, Mayada and Holmboe, Karla and Gliga, Teodora and Mercure, Evelyne and Hudry, K. and Charman, T. and Baron-Cohen, S. and Bolton, P. and Johnson, Mark H. (2011) Social and attention factors during infancy and the later emergence of autism characteristics. In: Braddick, O.J. and Atkinson, J. and Innocenti, G.M. (eds.) Gene Expression to Neurobiology and Behaviour Human Brain Development and Developmental Disorders. Progress in Brain Research 189. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier, pp. 195-207. ISBN 9780444538840.
Characteristic features of autism include atypical social perception and social–communication skills, and atypical visual attention, alongside rigid and repetitive thinking and behavior. Debate has focused on whether the later emergence of atypical social skills is a consequence of attention problems early in life, or, conversely, whether early social deficits have knock-on consequences for the later development of attention skills. We investigated this question based on evidence from infants at familial risk for a later diagnosis of autism by virtue of being younger siblings of children with a diagnosis. Around 9 months, at-risk siblings differed as a group from controls, both in measures of social perception and inhibitory control. We present preliminary data from an ongoing longitudinal research program, suggesting clear associations between some of these infant measures and autism-related characteristics at 3 years. We discuss the findings in terms of the emergent nature of autism as a result of complex developmental interactions among brain networks.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Additional Information:||“NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in "Progress in Brain Research". Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Progress in Brain Research, #189, DOI:10.1016/B978-0-444-53884-0.00025-7”|
|Keyword(s) / Subject(s):||Autism, development, visual attention, face processing|
|School:||Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences|
|Research Centre:||Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)|
|Date Deposited:||12 Apr 2011 10:07|
|Last Modified:||02 Dec 2016 11:44|
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