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Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of delta-toxin from Clostridium perfringens

Huyet, Jessica and Gilbert, M. and Popoff, M.R. and Basak, Ajit K. (2011) Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of delta-toxin from Clostridium perfringens. Acta Crystallographica Section F 67 (3), pp. 369-371. ISSN 1744-3091.

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Clostridium perfringens is a Gram-positive anaerobic bacterium that is responsible for a wide range of diseases in humans and both wild and domesticated animals, including birds. C. perfringens is notable for its ability to produce a plethora of toxins, e.g. phospholipases C (alpha-toxin), pore-forming toxins (epsilon-toxin, beta-toxin and enterotoxin) and binary toxins (iota-toxin). Based on alpha-, beta-, epsilon- and iota-toxin production, the bacterium is classified into five different toxinotypes (A-E). Delta-toxin, which is a 32.6 kDa protein with 290 amino acids, is one of three haemolysins released by type C and possibly by type B strains of C. perfringens. This toxin is immunogenic and lytic to erythrocytes from the even-toed ungulates sheep, goats and pigs, and is cytotoxic to other cell types such as rabbit macrophages, human monocytes and blood platelets from goats, rabbits, guinea pigs and humans. The recombinant delta-toxin has been cloned, expressed, purified and crystallized in two different crystal forms by the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method. Of these two different crystal forms, only the form II crystal diffracted to atomic resolution (dmin=2.4 Å), while the form I crystal diffracted to only 15 Å resolution. The form II crystals belonged to space group P2(1)2(1)2, with one molecule in the crystallographic asymmetric unit and unit-cell parameters a=49.66, b=58.48, c=112.93 Å.

Item Type: Article
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 23 May 2011 09:41
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:20

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