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    On the difference between working memory and attentional set

    Olivers, C.N.L. and Eimer, Martin (2011) On the difference between working memory and attentional set. Neuropsychologia 49 (6), pp. 1553-1558. ISSN 0028-3932.

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    Abstract

    Previous work has shown that distractors present in a visual search display attract attention when they match objects kept in visual working memory. It seems that maintaining an object in working memory is functionally identical to adopting an attentional set for that object. We test this conjecture by asking observers to perform a memory task as well as a visual search task (in which memory-related distractors could return), but to leave the observer uncertain as to which of these tasks would have to be completed first. This way, observers ought to more readily look for the memorized information, rather than just remember it. Memory-related distractor effects were larger than when participants knew the order of the tasks beforehand, consistent with the idea that trying to attend to something involves additional processes or representations beyond those needed for simply storing an item.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Short-term memory, visual working memory, visual attention, attentional set, visual search
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2011 10:16
    Last Modified: 11 Oct 2016 12:00
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/3834

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