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PINK1-Associated Parkinson's Disease Is Caused by Neuronal Vulnerability to Calcium-Induced Cell Death

Gandhi, S. and Wood-Kaczmar, A. and Yao, Z. and Plun-Favreau, H. and Deas, E. and Klupsch, K. and Downward, J. and Latchman, David S. and Tabrizi, S.J. and Wood, N.W. and Duchen, M.R. and Abramov, A.Y. (2009) PINK1-Associated Parkinson's Disease Is Caused by Neuronal Vulnerability to Calcium-Induced Cell Death. Molecular Cell 33 (5), pp. 627-638. ISSN 1097-2765.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2009.02.013

Abstract

Mutations in PINK1 cause autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease. PINK1 is a mitochondrial kinase of unknown function. We investigated calcium homeostasis and mitochondrial function in PINK1-deficient mammalian neurons. We demonstrate physiologically that PINK1 regulates calcium efflux from the mitochondria via the mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+ exchanger. PINK1 deficiency causes mitochondrial accumulation of calcium, resulting in mitochondrial calcium overload. We show that calcium overload stimulates reactive oxygen species (ROS) production via NADPH oxidase. ROS production inhibits the glucose transporter, reducing substrate delivery and causing impaired respiration. We demonstrate that impaired respiration may be restored by provision of mitochondrial complex I and II substrates. Taken together, reduced mitochondrial calcium capacity and increased ROS lower the threshold of opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) such that physiological calcium stimuli become sufficient to induce mPTP opening in PINK1-deficient cells. Our findings propose a mechanism by which PINK1 dysfunction renders neurons vulnerable to cell death.

Item Type: Article
Keyword(s) / Subject(s): cellbio, cellcycle
School or Research Centre: Central Administration Departments > Master's Office
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2011 09:48
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:21
URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/3898

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